Protected Area of Baie de Baby

  • Status : National Park
  • Sponsor : Madagascar National Parks
  • Area : 62 538 ha             
  • Population : 15 272
  • Geolocation : northwest of Madagascar
  • Funded since : 2014

The Baly bay is located at 150 kilometers from Mahajanga, in the middle of Soalala and Ambohipaky. The Baly bay and the Namoroka Tsingy straddle between five (5) districts in the region Boeny. These national parks have their specific importance in terms of biodiversity and are water tank for the entire region.

The Baly bay covers 62 538 Hectares and is composed of semi deciduous dry forest, of Tsingy, of mangroves and savannas, La Baie de Baly s’étend sur 62 538 Ha composée de forêt sèche semi-caducifoliée, de Tsingy, de mangroves et de savanes, xerophytic scrub and aquatic. It is well known for its endangered giant tortoises and especially the rarest in the world, Geochelone yniphora : "Angonoka".

The forest is home to 13 species of mammals including 6 species of primates, 4 rodents, 2 carnivores and artiodactyl species ; 37 species of reptiles, 8 species of amphibians and 122 species of birds with 55 species of waterbirds. 86% of species of large waterbirds nesting in colony in Madagascar live in the bay.

As for its flora, 129 species and 109 genera belonging to 66 families were identified in the forest of the Baly bay. Among this flora, there are 24 species of Fabaceae, 9 Apocynacae, 9 Euphorbiaceae, 8 rubiaceae, 7 anacardiaceae. The most common woody species are Gyrocarpus americanus and Erythrephleum coumanga.

The Baly bay belongs to the category VI of the international classification of the International Union for Conservation of Nature, naming it management area of protected resources.

In addition, 15 272 people are directly dependent on the presence of this protected area. A team of 21 people of Madagascar National Parks manage the site.

About the threats, those which weighing on the site are the collection of turtles, logging and bushfires.

Baie de Baly