Preserving protected areas, both marine and terrestrial, is preserving the magnificence of what makes Madagascar a unique place in the world. Furthermore, this preservation also has social and economic stakes :
- Rural population and grassroots communities whose livelihoods is directly dependent on biodiversity, are becoming poorer because the land is no longer productive
- The population of the Big Island is threatened by food insecurity due to the deterioration of goods and benefits from ecosystem services
At the world level :
- By 2050, renewable energy and natural resource requirements will quadruple worldwide for a population of more than 7 billion people. Thanks to its protected areas, Madagascar has the potential to ensure the availability of energy sources and natural resources that are necessary for the survival of a large part of the world's population.
- With its 5000 km of coastline, Madagascar can benefit form the current trend of extending marine area to 30% in the world. And extension that will generate profits that are valued between USD 490 and 920 billon , as well as the creation of 150 000 to 180 000 full-time jobs related to the management of these MPAs. Currently, the economic dimension of the oceans is estimated at USD 24 trillion.